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Useful Tips on How to Write Literature Reviews

Literature review should make the research direction more definite and specific, should serve a stimulus to the advance of the researcher’s own thoughts and ideas, should become the basis for new knowledge acquisition. Literature review must present only highly relevant information; at the same time much of the acquired data will remain unused (or at least may be resorted to later in the course of a further in-depth research) and behind the research brackets. There are three steps of a source study:

  • preparatory (to examine the overall context of a source creation);
  • main (to analyze the main ideas and logics of a source: to single them out and compare with the context);
  • main (to analyze the main ideas and logics of a source: to single them out and compare with the context);

Here are some pieces of advice how to organize the work with sources:

  • Take notes conscientiously in order not to be confused with the ever-increasing portions of analyzed information as you read more and more with the course of your research.
  • Work methodically, systematically and regularly in order not to be buried under the accumulated mountain of newly-acquired sources. Mind your deadlines.
  • Read selectively in order not to waste your precious and limited research time. While getting acquainted with a new source, pay prime attention to the preface; scan the table of contents and the index; then read the promising sections.
  • Be careful with the copyright and do not copy everything. You will need only the limited range of citations pertinent to your paper. Sometimes it is better to paraphrase the citation than to use it verbatim. It will launch your own creative thinking mechanism.
  • Weave every piece of information coherently and cohesively into the overall research picture. Classify and compare your data to find interconnections.
  • Be objective and critical while selecting research facts. Pay attention to their recent character and trustworthiness level.
  • Mind historical, linguistic and psychological peculiarities of different texts. Do assume a wider frame of mind while approaching them. Resort to your tutor’s help whenever necessary.
  • Keep your review up to date. Monitor the new sources publication. Feel the science development pulse.

If you have a thousand sources and only one night, narrow the scope of your sources down to a few that are really important for your own research. They can be:

  • works with obvious relevance to your topic;
  • works with obvious relevance to your topic;
  • works frequently cited. Get familiar with the Science Citation Index, the Social Science Citation Index, the Arts and Humanities Citation Index.
  • classics;
  • primary and secondary sources;
  • books with bibliographies.

If you require professional help in the literature review writing, MasterPapers.com is the very resource you need. Having accumulated numerous instances of experience on how to review literature in different fields of science, the company can create a literature review in any branch that will be a paragon of its kind.

Learn to Shape your Thoughts into a Proper Thesis Format

The formats of presenting information on the sources you use for your research may vary, depending on the discipline in which you are doing research.

MLA Format is recommended by the Modern Language Association for research papers on Humanities. MLA Thesis Format presupposes internal (parenthetical) citation. It includes two steps: citing each source in parentheses as you use it in the very text, and making a list of Works Cited at the end of your paper.

A thesis in the humanities normally includes secondary as well as primary sources and is organized as follows:

  • In the introduction you identify the particular work you will consider in the paper and formulate the question that will guide your investigation.
  • In the body of the paper you develop an answer to the basic question in terms of individual works, supplemented by comments drawn from secondary sources (books and articles). They help you to sharpen the edge of your argument; but the works themselves should be the prime source of evidence for it.
  • In the conclusion you restate the main point of your argument and indicate what it contributes to our understanding of the discussed work.

APA Format is recommended by the American Psychological Association and provides guidelines for writers of research papers in the Social Sciences. The APA Thesis Format recommends short references documented within the text (internal or parenthetical citation) and a complete list of sources (references) at the end of the paper. APA manuscripts submitted for publication require an abstract, which is a short, comprehensive summary of the paper, yet many undergraduate papers will use an outline instead.

A thesis in the social sciences (a case study or a report of findings) normally includes the following parts:

  • The introduction states the question you propose to answer and explains how the methods of a particular social science can help you find and interpret the data needed to answer this question.
  • The methods section indicates how you gathered the data for your study (the characteristics of the studied group; methods of observation, interview, questionnaire; printed sources consultation) for other researchers in order to repeat your study and test its results.
  • The results section puts the raw data you have gathered into clearly organized form: paragraphs, tabulated listings, illustrations or graphs.
  • The discussion section interprets the results of the study and explains its significance for an understanding of the topic as a whole.
  • The conclusion briefly summarizes the main points of the study.

Each subject in the Natural Sciences has its own style of documentation, that is why you must follow the specific thesis format that your instructor requests in a separate natural science.

Research papers in the natural sciences are of two kinds: review papers (analyze the current state of knowledge on a specialized topic) and laboratory reports (present the results of an actual experiment). Both kinds normally begin with an abstract. A review paper has:

  • introduction,
  • topic development,
  • conclusion.

A laboratory report presents its materials as follows:

  • The title succinctly states what was tested.
  • The abstract summarizes the report in about 200 words.
  • The introduction explains the question that the lab test is designed to answer.
  • A section on methods and materials explains how th experiment was made, what apparatus was used, and how data were collected.
  • A section on results puts the data into clearly organized form, using graphs, tables and illustrations where necessary.
  • The conclusion explains the significance of the results.
  • A reference list gives any published sources used, including any manuals or textbooks.

It is next to impossible to become a past expert in every field of science. Instead, you are welcome to resort to the highly professional help of MasterPapers.com. It will take care of any thesis format in any academic branch.

Get to know more about the rules of doing a PhD thesis

The degree, Doctor of Philosophy, is generally considered to be the highest in any field of study in most universities. A PhD degree holder would produce post-doctoral work which may fetch him a degree, Doctor of Literature (D.Lit). A scholar striving to acquire the highest degree is required to submit a dissertation of a stipulated length, apart from doing practical research and writing theory examinations. A PhD thesis or dissertation is generally defended by the candidate in a public Viva voce.

Creative writing and theses:

Thesis writing or dissertation writing is quite different from creative writing, for the simple reason that the former is written according to certain conventional norms. The candidate is supervised and helped by a Guide in adopting the correct methodology, as well as in using the appropriate material to be typed as a thesis. When it is sent for adjudication at the end of the study period (usually 3years), two examiners are chosen from outside the university where the candidate does research. The supervisor also is one of the examiners.

Beginning a thesis:

You begin a PhD thesis with the following:

  • The title page – includes the name of the candidate, the name of the university and the year of submitting the dissertation. These facts are given in the pattern of an inverted pyramid.
  • There are certificates signed by the candidate and the supervisor to state that only original unpublished work is present.
  • There are one or two pages of acknowledgement in which the candidate expresses his gratitude to all those who have helped him in the research and also to the publishers of the references he has used.
  • The page of contents would give the chapter titles and the corresponding page. The number of pages of a thesis is generally stipulated by the university. Rules regarding page formatting are also to be observed implicitly. A specific margin is left on all sides pages of the thesis.
  • At the end of the thesis a bibliographical list is added. If necessary there may be appendixes added.

Inclusion of quotes in the thesis:

One of the foremost principles of writing a doctoral thesis is to avoid any semblance of plagiarism. At the same time, stringing of a series of quotations, even with the necessary references, would not be right. In fact, doing this is essay writing would not be considered right too.

In recent times there is a perceptible dip in the quality of PhD dissertations. The downtrend may not be entirely because of the candidate themselves. There are instances of examiners being a bit careless and even callous. Mediatory efforts are required to set things right, so that the final product is perfect. In any case, it is necessary for the student to ensure that recommendations and suggestions made by the examiners are incorporated.

Summing up:

A PhD thesis sums up the research findings in the concluding chapter. It also is expected to indicate information available elsewhere on the subject of research. The researcher needs to suggest further research by pointing out the factors still to be studied.

When you decide to write about a particular topic, it is important to be able to select a topic that is not just informative, but also one that can help catch the attention of the reader. I do agree that writing a dissertation is not the same as trying to write a best seller. You are not out to catch the eye of the average reader, when you are deciding on a good Dissertation Title. Be that as it may, it is important that the title that you have for your dissertation, gives the reader an idea of what you are going to talk about.

For instance, if your dissertation or thesis is going to be about climate change or a particular aspect of the same topic, it is important to include this in your topic. You could have a topic such as ‘The ill-effects of climate change’ or ‘How can we help combat climate change’ or something like that which will impress the person who is reviewing your dissertation. Remember that once you have done all that you can do ensure that your dissertation writing is of good caliber, it is left to the discretion of the reviewer to understand and comment on what you have written.

While choosing the right title for your paper, you will find that it is equally important to avoid the habit of making it too long. There are some people who think that the entire essence of the paper should be conveyed in the Dissertation Title. This is certainly not an easy thing to do. You could just bring into your title an idea of what you are going to do on the subject at hand. Once you have done that, you can indicate in your introduction and your thesis statement, all that you are going to do in the forthcoming dissertation or essay.

Over a period of time, you will realize that it is important to have a proper plan, before you embark on the job of writing your dissertation. This is an activity that cannot be done in a single day. Please do not make the mistake of waiting for the end of the course to begin your writing.  It would certainly help, if you could begin jotting down points and making notes on all that you are going to write in your final dissertation. Think of the advice dissertation that many of your predecessors would like to give you. These tips are certainly useful.

All dissertation help needs to be looked at in the right perspective, if you want to have a good product at the end of your course. Zoning in on the right Dissertation Title is the first step in having a good paper at the end of your degree. Of course, you could also seriously consider the option of purchasing a custom dissertation paper from a good source, through the internet.

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